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The Online Etymology Dictionary states that the term comes "..Old French carpite "heavy decorated cloth, carpet," from Medieval Latin or Old Italian carpita "thick woolen cloth," probably from Latin carpere "to card, pluck," probably so called because it was made from unraveled, shred[d]ed, "plucked" fabric".
Another definition treats rugs as of lower quality or of smaller size, with carpets quite often having finished ends.
The warp threads are set up on the frame of the loom before weaving begins.
A number of weavers may work together on the same carpet. The knots are secured with (usually one to four) rows of weft.
Normally many colored yarns are used and this process is capable of producing intricate patterns from predetermined designs (although some limitations apply to certain weaving methods with regard to accuracy of pattern within the carpet).
These carpets are usually the most expensive due to the relatively slow speed of the manufacturing process.
Wall-to-wall carpet is distinguished from rugs or mats, which are loose-laid floor coverings, as wall-to-wall carpet is fixed to the floor and covers a much larger area.
Child labour has often been used in Asia for hand knotting rugs.
Carpets can be produced on a loom quite similar to woven fabric, made using needle felts, knotted by hand (in oriental rugs), made with their pile injected into a backing material (called tufting), flatwoven, made by hooking wool or cotton through the meshes of a sturdy fabric or embroidered.
The Good Weave labelling scheme used throughout Europe and North America assures that child labour has not been used: importers pay for the labels, and the revenue collected is used to monitor centres of production and educate previously exploited children.
The Online Etymology Dictionary states that the term "carpet" was first used in English in the late 13th century, with the meaning "coarse cloth", and by the mid-14th century, "tablecloth, [or] bedspread".
The term "rug" was first used in English in the 1550s, with the meaning "coarse fabric". Scandinavian origin; compare Norwegian dialectal rugga "coarse coverlet," from Old Norse rogg "shaggy tuft," from Proto-Germanic *rawwa-, perhaps related to rag (n.) and rough (adj.)." The carpet is produced on a loom quite similar to woven fabric. Plush carpet is a cut pile and Berber carpet is a loop pile.
There are new styles of carpet combining the two styles called cut and loop carpeting.